Vaginismus, sometimes called vaginism and genito-pelvic
pain disorder, is a condition that affects a woman's
ability to engage in vaginal penetration, including
sexual intercourse, manual penetration, insertion of
tampons or menstrual cups, and the penetration involved
in gynecological examinations (pap tests). This is the
result of an involuntary vaginal muscle spasm, which
makes any kind of vaginal penetration painful or
impossible. While there is a lack of evidence to
definitively identify which muscle is responsible for
the spasm, the pubococcygeus muscle, sometimes referred
to as the "PC muscle", is most often suggested. Other
muscles such as the levator ani, bulbocavernosus,
circumvaginal, and perivaginal muscles have also been
Causes of vaginismus
There’s not always a reason for vaginismus. The condition
has been linked to past sexual abuse or trauma, past
painful intercourse, and emotional factors. In some
cases, no direct cause can be found. To make a
diagnosis, your doctor will do a physical exam and ask
about your medical and sexual history. These histories
can help give clues to the underlying cause of the
What is the role of a sexologist?
A Sexologist is a physician who is trained to
deal with sexual and relationship issues. They
address biological, psychological, and
sociological aspects while addressing sexual
issues. They identify and treat sexual problems
in both men and women.
Is sex safe during pregnancy?
Usually, a healthy woman can safely indulge in
sexual activity during pregnancy. However,
coitus should be avoided if there is pain and/or
bleeding at any stage. If a woman has had an
abortion in the first three months in the past,
coitus during the first trimester should be
avoided. In the second trimester, coitus is
contraindicated if the woman has a history of
'habitual abortion' because the incompetent
cervical of the mouth of the uterus. In the last
trimester i.e. from the seventh month to labour,
one may safely indulge in sexual activity till
the last day of delivery by altering the coital
position so as to ensure that direct weight does
not fall on the foetus. It must be remembered
that if for any reason intercourse is forbidden
during pregnancy, the woman must avoid reaching
orgasm by any other means including
masturbation. In fact, the contractions of the
uterus following masturbation intercourse. An
obstetrician may be consulted regarding
indulgence in sexual activity during pregnancy,
as each case needs to be evaluated individually
in so far as any possible contraindication or
modification needs to be made.
Is it true that first intercourse causes bleeding in
No, it’s not! This bleeding mainly occurs in
virgins when the hymen is ruptured. In some
cases, this hymen may be absent right from birth
or might get ruptured while doing exercises,
playing games or using tampons. Thus, it is not
necessary for a woman to bleed during hervery
first sexual intercourse even if she is a
virgin. This misconception often leads to
troubles in marriages.It is funny how a small
tissue gives rise to big issues!
Can masturbation cause growth of pimples, increase
body temperature and give stomach problems?
No. What people need to realise is that
masturbation is just simulated sex and it can’t
give you any of the aforementioned conditions.
None of them are related to any of the
conditions you mentioned above. Some other
common myths include that it will make you
blind, cause hair growth on the back of your
hand and make you lose hair. Just relax and
don’t get fooled by common myths.
What is Night Discharge?
It is an artificial situation wherein a man
sleeps with a woman having intercourse with him.
He feels the desire and his semen leaks while
asleep during day or night. It is not natural so
one must consult with the good sex doctor to
cure this disease. An early recovery is required
to avoid the bad consequences.
What is Impotency or Erectile Dysfunction?
If a person is not able to perform sex well and
his penis does not erect well, this condition is
called impotence of erectile dysfunction. It may
have resulted from high stress. People suffering
from this disease may try to commit suicide so
it is better to consult with the sex doctor to
have treatment instead of having negative
thoughts. Nothing is incurable in this world
Is infertility just a woman’s problem?
No, infertility is not always a woman’s problem.
In about one-third of cases, infertility is due
to the woman (female factors). In another third
of cases, infertility is due to the man (male
factors). The remaining cases are caused by a
combination of male and female factors or by